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published: 2021-05-14
This document contains the Supplemental Materials for Chapter 4: Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture from the report "An Assessment of the Impacts of Climate Change in Illinois" published in 2021.
keywords: Illinois; climate change; agriculture; impacts; adaptation; crop yield; ISAM; econometrics; days suitable for fieldwork
published: 2021-05-14
Supplemental Forest Data for Chapter 6: Climate Change Impacts on Ecosystems in "An Assessment of the Impacts of Climate Change in Illinois"
published: 2021-07-21
This dataset contains 1 CSV file: RozanskyLarsonTaylorMsat.csv which contains microsatellite fragment lengths for Virile and Spothanded Crayfish from the Current River watershed of Missouri, U.S., and complimentary data, including assignments to species by phenotype and COI sequence data, GenBank accession numbers for COI sequence data, study sites with dates of collection and geographic coordinates, and Illinois Natural History Survey (INHS) Crustacean Collection lots where specimens are stored.
keywords: invasive species; hybridization; crayfishes; streams; freshwater; Cambaridae; virile crayfish; spothanded crayfish; Missouri; Current River; Ozark National Scenic Riverways
published: 2021-06-25
Data associated with the manuscript "Do rusty crayfish invasions affect water clarity in north temperate lakes?" by Daniel K. Szydlowski, Melissa K. Daniels, and Eric R. lARSON
keywords: chlorophyll a; crayfish; Faxonius rusticus; invasive species; lakes; LandSat; remote sening; rusty crayfish; Secchi disc; water clarity
published: 2021-07-15
The dataset contains the high-throughput matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry XmL files for the atrial gland and red hemiduct of Aplysia californica.
keywords: Dense-core vesicle; High-throughput; Mass Spectrometry; MALDI; Organelle; Image-Guided; Atrial gland; red hemiduct; Lucent Vesicle
published: 2021-07-10
This dataset containes the images of B73xMS71 RIL population used in QTL linkage mapping for maize epidermal traits in year 2016 and 2017. 2016RIL_all_mns.rar and 2017RIL_all_mns.rar: contain raw images produced by Nanofocus lsurf Explorer Optical Topometer (Oberhausen, Germany) at 20X magnification with 0.6 numerical aperture. Files were processed in Nanofocus μsurf analysis extended software (Oberhausen,Germany). 2016RIL_all_TIF.rar and 2017RIL_all_TIF.rar: contain images processed from the Topology layer in each nms file to strengthen the edges of cell outlines, and used in downstream cell detection. 2016RIL_all_detection_result.rar and 2017RIL_all_detection_result.rar: contain images with epidermal cells predicted using the Mask R-CNN model. training data.rar: contain images used for Mask R-CNN model training and validation.
keywords: stomata; Mask R-CNN; cell segmentation; water use efficiency
published: 2021-06-24
This dataset contains EEG and Temperature data acquired from inside the bore of an MRI scanner during scanning with two different types of fMRI sequences: single-band and and multi-band. The EEG data were acquired from the heads of adult humans undergoing scanning, and can be used to assess differences in EEG data quality due to sequence type. The temperature data were acquired from a watermelon phantom and can be used to assess heating differences due to sequence type.
keywords: Simultaneous EEG-fMRI, Multi-band fMRI, Safety, Heating
published: 2021-06-24
This dataset consists of the secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) depth profiling data that was collected with a Cameca NanoSIMS 50 instrument from a 10 micron by 10 micron region on a Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cell that had been metabolically labeled so most of its sphingolipids and cholesterol contained the rare nitrogen-15 oxygen-18 isotopes, respectively.
keywords: secondary ion mass spectrometry; NanoSIMS; depth profiling; MDCK cell; sphingolipids; cholesterol
published: 2021-06-16
Thank you for using these datasets. These RNAsim aligned fragmentary sequences were generated from the query sequences selected by Balaban et al. (2019) in their variable-size datasets (https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.78nf7dq). They were created for use for phylogenetic placement with the multiple sequence alignments and backbone trees provided by Balaban et al. (2019). The file structures included here also correspond with the data Balaban et al. (2020) provided. This includes: Directories for five varying backbone tree sizes, shown as 5000, 10000, 50000, 100000, and 200000. These directory names are also used by Balaban et al. (2019), and indicate the size of the backbone tree included in their data. Subdirectories for each replicate from the backbone tree size labelled 0 through 4. For the smaller four backbone tree sizes there are five replicates, and for the largest there is one replicate. Each replicate contains 200 text files with one aligned query sequence fragment in fasta format.
keywords: Fragmentary Sequences; RNAsim
published: 2021-06-14
Chronic contact exposure to realistic soil concentrations (0, 7.5, 15, and 100 ppb) of the neonicotinoid pesticide imidacloprid had species- and sex-specific effects on adult bee movement characteristics, but not on adult female bee brain development. This dataset contains two data files. The first contains information about adult bee movement characteristics for female Osmia lignaria and female and male Megachile rotundata over a 10-minute trial (total distance traveled and average movement speed). The second contains information about female Osmia lignaria and Megachile rotundata adult brain morphology. Detected effects included: female Osmia lignaria adults moved faster as they aged in the 0 and 7.5 ppb, but not in the 15 or 100 ppb, groups; young male Megachile rotundata adults moved more quickly (7.5 and 100 ppb) and farther (100 ppb) when treated with imidacloprid compared to the control group (0 ppb); and, while there was no impact of imidacloprid on adult female neuropil:Kenyon cell volume (N:K), N:K decreased with Osmia ligaria adult age and increased with Megachile rotundata adult age.
keywords: neonicotinoid; imidacloprid; bee; movement
published: 2021-05-26
Steady-state and dynamic gas exchange data for maize (B73), sugarcane (CP88-1762) and sorghum (Tx430)
keywords: C4 plants; gas exchange
published: 2021-05-21
Data sets from "Inferring Species Trees from Gene-Family with Duplication and Loss using Multi-Copy Gene-Family Tree Decomposition." It contains trees and sequences simulated with gene duplication and loss under a variety of different conditions. <b>Note:</b> - trees.tar.gz contains the simulated gene-family trees used in our experiments (both true trees from SimPhy as well as trees estimated from alignements). - sequences.tar.gz contains simulated sequence data used for estimating the gene-family trees as well as the concatenation analysis. - biological.tar.gz contains the gene trees used as inputs for the experiments we ran on empirical data sets as well as species trees outputted by the methods we tested on those data sets. - stats.txt list statistics (such as AD, MGTE, and average size) for our simulated model conditions.
keywords: gene duplication and loss; species-tree inference; simulated data;
published: 2021-05-14
Please cite as: Menglin Liu and Benjamin M. Gramig. "Survey of Cover Crop, Conservation Tillage and Nutrient Management Practice Usage in Illinois and 2020 Fall Covers for Spring Savings Crop Insurance Discount Program Participation." Report to the Illinois Department of Agriculture and Fall Covers for Spring Savings working group. Center for the Economics of Sustainability and Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. 2021. https://doi.org/10.13012/B2IDB-5222984_V1
keywords: cover crops; Illinois; 2020; conservation tillage; nutrient management practices; farmer survey; NLRS
published: 2021-05-17
Please cite as: Wuebbles, D., J. Angel, K. Petersen, and A.M. Lemke, (Eds.), 2021: An Assessment of the Impacts of Climate Change in Illinois. The Nature Conservancy, Illinois, USA. https://doi.org/10.13012/B2IDB-1260194_V1 Climate change is a major environmental challenge that is likely to affect many aspects of life in Illinois, ranging from human and environmental health to the economy. Illinois is already experiencing impacts from the changing climate and, as climate change progresses and temperatures continue to rise, these impacts are expected to increase over time. This assessment takes an in-depth look at how the climate is changing now in Illinois, and how it is projected to change in the future, to provide greater clarity on how climate change could affect urban and rural communities in the state. Beyond providing an overview of anticipated climate changes, the report explores predicted effects on hydrology, agriculture, human health, and native ecosystems.
keywords: Climate change; Illinois; Public health; Agriculture; Environment; Water; Hydrology; Ecosystems
published: 2021-05-12
These are the data sets associated with our publication "Field borders provide winter refuge for beneficial predators and parasitoids: a case study on organic farms." For this project, we compared the communities of overwintering arthropod natural enemies in organic cultivated fields and wildflower-strip field borders at five different sites in central Illinois. Abstract: Semi-natural field borders are frequently used in midwestern U.S. sustainable agriculture. These habitats are meant to help diversify otherwise monocultural landscapes and provision them with ecosystem services, including biological control. Predatory and parasitic arthropods (i.e., potential natural enemies) often flourish in these habitats and may move into crops to help control pests. However, detailed information on the capacity of semi-natural field borders for providing overwintering refuge for these arthropods is poorly understood. In this study, we used soil emergence tents to characterize potential natural enemy communities (i.e., predacious beetles, wasps, spiders, and other arthropods) overwintering in cultivated organic crop fields and adjacent field borders. We found a greater abundance, species richness, and unique community composition of predatory and parasitic arthropods in field borders compared to arable crop fields, which were generally poorly suited as overwintering habitat. Furthermore, potential natural enemies tended to be positively associated with forb cover and negatively associated with grass cover, suggesting that grassy field borders with less forb cover are less well-suited as winter refugia. These results demonstrate that semi-natural habitats like field borders may act as a source for many natural enemies on a year-to-year basis and are important for conserving arthropod diversity in agricultural landscapes.
keywords: Natural enemy; wildflower strips; conservation biological control; semi-natural habitat; field border; organic farming
published: 2021-05-10
UAV-based high-resolution multispectral time-series orthophotos utilized to understand the relation between growth dynamics, imagery temporal resolution, and end-of-season biomass productivity of biomass sorghum as bioenergy crop. Sensor utilized is a RedEdge Micasense flown at 40 meters above ground level at the Energy Farm- UIUC in 2019.
keywords: Unmanned aerial vehicles; High throughput phenotyping; Machine learning; Bioenergy crops
published: 2021-04-30
This repository includes scripts and datasets for the paper, "Accurate Large-scale Phylogeny-Aware Alignment using BAli-Phy" submitted to Bioinformatics.
keywords: BAli-Phy;Bayesian co-estimation;multiple sequence alignment
published: 2021-04-22
All code in Matlab .m scripts or functions (version R2019b) Affiliated with article “Temperate and chronic virus competition leads to low lysogen frequency” published in the Journal of Theoretical Biology (2021) Codes simulate and plot the solutions of an Ordinary Differential Equations model and generate bifurcation diagrams.
published: 2021-04-19
Dataset compiled by Yushu Xia and Michelle Wander for the Soil Health Institute. Data were recovered from peer reviewed literature reporting results for three soil quality indicators (SQIs) (β-glucosidase (BG), fluorescein diacetate (FDA) hydrolysis, and permanganate oxidizable carbon (POXC)) in terms of their relative response to management where soils under grassland cover, no-tillage, cover crops, residue return and organic amendments were compared to conventionally managed controls. Peer-reviewed articles published between January of 1990 and May 2018 were searched using the Thomas Reuters Web of Science database (Thomas Reuters, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) and Google Scholar to identify studies reporting results for: “β-glucosidase”, “permanganate oxidizable carbon”, “active carbon”, “readily oxidizable carbon”, and “fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis”, together with one or more of the following: “management practice”, “tillage”, “cover crop”, “residue”, “organic fertilizer”, or “manure”. Records were tabulated to compare SQI abundance in soil maintained under a control and soil aggrading practice with the intent to contribute to SQI databases that will support development of interpretive frameworks and/or algorithms including pedo-transfer functions relating indicator abundance to management practices and site specific factors. Meta-data include the following key descriptor variables and covariates useful for development of scoring functions: 1) identifying factors for the study site (location, year of initiation of study and year in which data was reported), 2) soil textural class, pH, and SOC, 3) depth and timing of soil sampling, 4) analytical methods for SQI quantification, 5) units used in published works (i.e. equivalent mass, concentration), 6) SQI abundances, and 7) statistical significance of difference comparisons. *Note: Blank values in tables are considered unreported data.
keywords: Soil health promoting practices; Soil quality indicators; β-glucosidase; fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis; Permanganate oxidizable carbon; Greenhouse gas emissions; Scoring curves; Soil Management Assessment Framework
published: 2021-04-11
This dataset contains RNASim1000, Cox1-Het datasets as well as analyses of RNASim1000, Cox1-Het, and 1000M1(HF).
keywords: phylogeny estimation; maximum likelihood; RAxML; IQ-TREE; FastTree; cox1; heterotachy; disjoint tree mergers; Tree of Life
published: 2021-05-14
- The aim of this research was to evaluate the novel dietary fiber source, miscanthus grass, in comparison to traditional fiber sources, and their effects on the microbiota of healthy adult cats. Four dietary treatments, cellulose (CO), miscanthus grass fiber (MF), a blend of miscanthus fiber and tomato pomace (MF+TP), or beet pulp (BP) were evaluated.<br /><br />- The study was conducted using a completely randomized design with twenty-eight neutered adult, domesticated shorthair cats (19 females and 9 males, mean age 2.2 ± 0.03 yr; mean body weight 4.6 ± 0.7 kg, mean body condition score 5.6 ± 0.6). Total DNA from fresh fecal samples was extracted using Mo-Bio PowerSoil kits (MO BIO Laboratories, Inc., Carlsbad, CA). Amplification of the 292 bp-fragment of V4 region from the 16S rRNA gene was completed using a Fluidigm Access Array (Fluidigm Corporation, South San Francisco, CA). Paired-end Illumina sequencing was performed on a MiSeq using v3 reagents (Illumina Inc., San Diego, CA) at the Roy J. Carver Biotechnology Center at the University of Illinois. <br />- Filenames are composed of animal name identifier, diet (BP= beet pulp; CO= cellulose; MF= miscanthus grass fiber; TP= blend of miscanthus fiber and tomato pomace).
keywords: cats; dietary fiber; fecal microbiota; miscanthus grass; nutrient digestibility; postbiotics
published: 2021-05-07
- The objective of this study was to evaluate macronutrient apparent total tract digestibility (ATTD), gastrointestinal tolerance, and fermentative end-products in extruded, canine diets. <br />- Five diets were formulated to be isocaloric and isonitrogenous with either garbanzo beans (GBD), green lentils (GLD), peanut flour (PFD), dried yeast (DYD), or poultry by-product meal (CON) as the primary protein sources. Ten adult, intact, female beagles (mean age: 4.2 ± 1.1 yr, mean 28 weight: 11.9 ± 1.3 kg) were used in a replicated, 5x5 Latin square design with 14 d periods. Total DNA from fresh fecal samples was extracted using Mo-Bio PowerSoil kits (MO BIO Laboratories, Inc., Carlsbad, CA). Amplification of the 292 bp-fragment of V4 region from the 16S rRNA gene was completed using a Fluidigm Access Array (Fluidigm Corporation, South San Francisco, CA). Paired-end Illumina sequencing was performed on a MiSeq using v3 reagents (Illumina Inc., San Diego, CA) at the Roy J. Carver Biotechnology Center at the University of Illinois. <br />- Filenames are composed of animal name identifier, diet (CON=control; DY= dried yeast; GB= garbanzo beans; GL= green lentils; PF= peanut flour) and period replicate number (P1, P2, P3, P4, and P5).
keywords: Dog; Digestibility; Legume; Microbiota; Pulse; Yeast
published: 2021-04-06
These datasets contain modeling files and GIS data associated with a risk assessment study for the Cambrian-Ordovician sandstone aquifer system in Illinois from predevelopment (1863) to the year 2070. Modeling work was completed using the Illinois Groundwater Flow Model, a regional MODFLOW model developed for water supply planning in Illinois, as a base model. The model is run using the graphical user interface Groundwater Vistas 7.0. The development and technical details of the base Illinois Groundwater Flow Model, including hydraulic property zonation, boundary conditions, hydrostratigraphy, solver settings, and discretization, are described in Abrams et al. (2018). Modifications to this base model (the version presented here) are described in Mannix et al. (2018), Hadley et al. (2020) and Abrams and Cullen (2020). Modifications include removal of particular multi-aquifer wells to improve calibration, changing Sandwich Fault Zone properties to achieve calibration at production wells within and near the fault zone, and the incorporation of demand scenarios based on a participatory modeling project with the Southwest Water Planning Group. The zipped folder of model files contains MODFLOW input (package) files, Groundwater Vistas files, and a head file for the entire model run. The zipped folder of GIS data contains rasters of: simulated drawdown in the St. Peter sandstone from predevelopment to 2018, simulated drawdown in the Ironton-Galesville sandstone from predevelopment to 2018, simulated head difference between the St. Peter and Ironton-Galesville sandstone units in 2018, simulated head above the top of the St. Peter sandstone for the years 2029, 2050, and 2070, and simulated head above the top of the Ironton-Galesville sandstone for the years 2029, 2050, and 2070. Raster outputs were derived directly from the simulated heads in the Illinois Groundwater Flow Model. Rasters are clipped to the 8 county northeastern Illinois region (Cook, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, Lake, McHenry, and Will counties). Well names, historic and current head targets, and spatial offsets for the Illinois Groundwater Flow Model are available upon request via a data license agreement. Please contact authors to set this up if needed.
keywords: groundwater; aquifer; sandstone aquifer; risk assessment; depletion; Illinois; MODFLOW; modeling
published: 2021-04-05
West Nile virus data, aggregated by 55 1-km hexagons, within the NWMAD jurisdiction Cook County, IL. The data incorporates deidentified human illness, mosquito infection and abundance, socio-economic data, and other abiotic and biotic predictors by epi-weeks 18-38 for the years 2005-2016.
keywords: WNV; modeling