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published: 2022-05-20
This dataset includes images and annotated counts for 150 airborne pollen samples from the Center for Tropical Forest Science 50 ha forest dynamics plot on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Samples were collected once a year from April 1994 to June 2010.
keywords: aerial pollen traps; automated pollen identification; Barro Colorado Island; convolutional neural networks; Neotropics; palynology; phenology
published: 2022-05-16
This dataset is for the publication "Do Nearctic hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) engage in long-distance migration? An assessment of evidence and mechanisms." It consists of 11 Excel spreadsheets and 4 R scripts which correspond to the analyses which were conducted. Paper abstract: Long-distance insect migration is poorly understood despite its tremendous ecological and economic importance. As a group, Nearctic hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae: Syrphinae), which are crucial pollinators as adults and biological control agents as larvae, are almost entirely unrecognized as migratory despite examples of highly migratory behavior among several Palearctic species. Here, we examined evidence and mechanisms of migration for four hover fly species (Allograpta obliqua, Eupeodes americanus, Syrphus rectus, and Syrphus ribesii) common throughout eastern North America using stable hydrogen isotope (δ2H) measurements of chitinous tissue, morphological assessments, abundance estimations, and cold-tolerance assays. While further studies are needed, non-local isotopic values obtained from hover fly specimens collected in central Illinois support the existence of long-distance fall migratory behavior in Eu. americanus, and to a lesser extent S. ribesii and S. rectus. Elevated abundance of Eu. americanus during the expected autumn migratory period further supports the existence of such behavior. Moreover, high phenotypic plasticity of morphology associated with dispersal coupled with significant differences between local and non-local specimens suggest that Eu. americanus exhibits a unique suite of morphological traits that decrease costs associated with long-distance flight. Finally, compared to the ostensibly non-migratory A. obliqua, Eu. americanus was less cold tolerant, a factor that may be associated with migratory behavior. Collectively, our findings imply that fall migration occurs in Nearctic hover flies, but we consider methodological limitations of our study in addition to potential ecological and economic consequences of these novel findings.
keywords: Insect migration; hover fly; Syrphidae; stable isotopes; deuterium; morphometrics; cold tolerance
published: 2022-05-13
The files are plain text and contain the original data used in phylogenetic analyses of of Typhlocybinae (Bin, Dietrich, Yu, Meng, Dai and Yang 2022: Ecology & Evolution, in press). The three files with extension .phy are text files with aligned DNA sequences in the standard PHYLIP format and correspond to Matrix 1 (amino acid alignment), Matrix 2 (nucleotide alignment of first two codon positions of protein-coding genes) and Matrix 3 (nucleotide alignment of protein-coding genes plus 2 ribosomal genes) described in the Methods section. An additional text file in NEXUS format (.nex extension) contains the morphological character data used in the ancestral state reconstruction (ASCR) analysis described in the Methods. NEXUS is a standard format used by various phylogenetic analysis software. For more information on data file content, see the included "readme" files.
keywords: Hemiptera; phylogeny; mitochondrial genome; morphology; leafhopper
published: 2022-05-04
This dataset includes data on soil properties, soil N pools, and soil N fluxes presented in the manuscript, "Refining the role of nitrogen mineralization in mycorrhizal nutrient syndromes". Please refer to that publication for details about methodologies used to generate these data and for the experimental design.
keywords: Nitrogen cycling; Ectomycorrhizal fungi; Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi; Nitrogen fertilization; Gross mineralization
published: 2022-04-29
Thank you for using these datasets! These files contain trees and reference alignments, as well as the selected query sequences for testing phylogenetic placement methods against and within the SCAMPP framework. There are four datasets from three different sources, each containing their source alignment and "true" tree, any estimated trees that may have been generated, and any re-estimated branch lengths that were created to be used with their requisite phylogenetic placement method. Three biological datasets (16S.B.ALL, PEWO/LTP_s128_SSU, and PEWO/green85) and one simulated dataset (nt78) is contained. See README.txt in each file for more information.
keywords: Phylogenetic Placement; Phylogenetics; Maximum Likelihood; pplacer; EPA-ng
published: 2022-04-26
ICoastalDB, which was developed using Microsoft structured query language (SQL) Server, consists of water quality and related data in the Illinois coastal zone that were collected by various organizations. The information in the dataset includes, but is not limited to, sample data type, method of data sampling, location, time and date of sampling and data units.
keywords: Illinois Coastal Zone; Water Quality Data
published: 2022-04-21
This dataset was created based on the publicly available microdata from PNS-2019, a national health survey conducted by the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica (IBGE, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics). IBGE is a federal agency responsible for the official collection of statistical information in Brazil – essentially, the Brazilian census bureau. Data on selected variables focusing on biopsychosocial domains related to pain prevalence, limitations and treatment are available. The Fundação Instituto Oswaldo Cruz has detailed information about the PNS, including questionnaires, survey design, and datasets (www.pns.fiocruz.br). The microdata can be found on the IBGE website (https://www.ibge.gov.br/estatisticas/downloads-estatisticas.html?caminho=PNS/2019/Microdados/Dados).
keywords: back pain; health status disparities; biopsychosocial; Brazil
published: 2022-04-20
This is the core data for Zinnen et al., "Functional traits and responses to nutrient and mycorrhizal addition are inconsistently related to wetland plant species’ coefficients of conservatism." This is submitted to Wetlands Ecology and Management. Two datasets are submitted here. The first is greenhouse-collected data of 9 plant traits and concurrent treatment responses of Illinois wetland plant species. The second are field-collected leaf trait data of Illinois wetland plant species. These data are analyzed in the paper. Please refer to the main manuscript to see how these data were produced and specific analyses.
keywords: ecological indicators; Floristic Quality Assessment; Floristic Quality Index; wetland degradation
published: 2022-04-19
This data repository includes the features and the trained backbone parameters used in the ICLR 2022 Paper "On the Importance of Firth Bias Reduction in Few-Shot Classification". The code accompanying this data is open-source and available at https://github.com/ehsansaleh/firth_bias_reduction The code and the data have three modules: 1. The "code_firth" module (10 files) relates to the basic ResNet backbones and logistic classifiers (e.g., Figures 2 and 3 in the main paper). 2. The "code_s2m2rf" module (2 files) relates to the S2M2R feature backbones and cosine classifiers (e.g., Figure 4 in the main paper). 3. The "code_dcf" module (3 files) relates to the few-shot Distribution Calibration (DC) method (e.g., Table 1 in the main paper). The relevant files for each module have the module name as a prefix in their name. 1. For instance, the "code_dcf_features.tar" file should be placed at the "features" directory of the "code_dcf" module. 2. As another example, "code_firth_features_cifarfs_novel.tar" should be placed in the "features" directory of the "code_firth" module, and it includes the features extracted from the novel split of mini-ImageNet dataset. Each tar-ball should be extracted in its relevant directory, and the md5 check-sums of the extracted files are also provided in the open-source code repository for verification. Please note that the actual datasets of images are not included here (since we do not own those datasets). However, helper scripts for automatically downloading the original datasets are also provided in the every module and sub-directory of the GitHub code repository.
keywords: Computer Vision; Few-Shot Classification; Few-Shot Learning; Firth Bias Reduction
published: 2022-04-19
List of differentially expressed genes in human endometrial stromal cells with knockdown of Basigin (BSG) gene expression during decidualization. The BSG siRNA or negative scrambled control siRNA were transfected into human endometrial stromal cells (HESCs) following the protocol of siLentFect™ Lipid (Bio-Rad, Hercules, CA. Following complete knock down of BSG in HESCs (72 hours after adding siRNA), HESCs were treated with medium containing estrogen, progesterone and cAMP to induce decidualization. BSG siRNA and negative control scrambled siRNA were added to the cells every four days (day 0, 4) over the course of the decidualization protocol. Total RNA was harvested at day 6 of the decidualization protocol for microarray analysis. Microarray analysis was performed at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Roy J. Carver Biotechnology Center. Briefly, 0.2 micrograms of total RNA were labeled using the Agilent two color QuickAmp labeling kit (Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, CA) according to the manufacturer’s protocol. The optional spike-in controls were not used. Samples were hybridized to Human Gene Expression 4x44K v2 Microarray (Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, CA) in an Agilent Hybridization Cassette according to standard protocols. The arrays were then scanned on an Axon GenePix 4000B scanner and the images were quantified using Axon GenePix 6.1. Microarray data pre-processing and statistical analyses were done in R (v3.6.2) using the limma package (3.42.0 (Ritchie et al., 2015). Median foreground and median background values from the 4 arrays were read into R and any spots that had been manually flagged (-100 values) were given a weight of zero. The background values were ignored because investigations showed that trying to use them to adjust for background fluorescence added more noise to the data; background was low and even for all arrays, therefore no background correction was done. The individual Cy5 and Cy3 fluorescence for each array were normalized together using the quantile method 3 (Yang and Thorne, 2003). Agilent's Human Gene Expression 4x44K v2 Microarray has a total of 45,220 probes: 1224 probes for positive controls, 153 negative control, 823 labeled “ignore” and 43,118 labeled “cDNA”. The pos+neg+ignore probes were used to ascertain the background level of fluorescence (6, on the log2 scale) then discarded. The cDNA probes comprise 34,127 unique 60mer probes, of which 999 probes are spotted 10 times each and the rest one time each. We averaged the replicate probes for those spotted 10 times and then fit a mixed model that had treatment and dye as fixed effects and array pairing as a random effect (Phipson et al., 2016; Smyth et al., 2005). After fitting the model but before False Discovery Rate (FDR) correction (Benjamini and Hochberg, 1995), probes were filtered out by the following criteria: 1) did not have at least 4/8 samples with expression values > 6 (14,105 probes removed), 2) no longer had an assigned Entrez Gene ID in Bioconductor’s HsAgilentDesign026652.db annotation package (v3.2.3; 2,152 probes removed) (Huber et al., 2015), 3) mapped to the same Entrez Gene ID as another probe but had a larger p-value for treatment effect (4,141 probes removed). This left 13,729 probes representing 13,729 unique genes. <b>*Please note: that there is a discrepancy between the file and the readme as this plain text is the actual data file of this dataset.</b>
keywords: Basigin; endometrium; decidualization; human
published: 2022-04-15
This dataset is provided to support the statements in Kim, H., and R.Y. Makhnenko. 2022. "Evaluation of CO2 sealing potential of heterogeneous Eau Claire shale". Journal of the Geological Society. In geologic carbon dioxide (CO2) storage in deep saline aquifers, buoyant CO2 tends to float upwards in the reservoirs overlaid by low permeable formations called caprocks. Caprocks should serve as barriers to potential CO2 leakage that can happen through a diffusion loss and permeation through faults, fractures, or pore spaces. The leakage through intact caprock would mainly depend on its permeability and CO2 breakthrough pressure, and is affected by the heterogeneities in the material. Here, we study the sealing potential of a caprock from Illinois Basin - Eau Claire shale, with sandy and shaly fractions distinguished via electron microscopy and grain/pore size and surface area characterization. The direct measurements of permeability of sandy shale provides the values ~ 10-15 m2, while clayey specimens are three orders of magnitude less permeable. The CO2 breakthrough pressure under in-situ stress conditions is 0.1 MPa for the sandy shale and 0.4 MPa for the clayey counterpart – these values are higher than those predicted by the porosimetry methods performed on the unconfined specimens. Sandy Eau Claire shale would allow penetration of large CO2 volumes at low overpressures, while the clayey formation can serve as a caprock in the absence of faults and fractures in it.
keywords: Geologic carbon storage; Caprock; Shale; CO2 breakthrough pressure; Porosimetry.
published: 2022-04-11
This data set contains all the map data used for "Quantifying transportation energy vulnerability and its spatial patterns in the United States". The multiple dimensions (i.e., exposure, sensitivity, adaptive capacity) of transportation energy vulnerability (TEV) at the census tract level in the United States, the changes in TEV with electric vehicles adoption, and the detailed data for Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York are in the dataset.
keywords: Transport energy; Vulnerability; Fuel costs; Electric vehicles
published: 2022-03-31
This dataset contains our bi-hourly temperature recordings from 40 rocket box style artificial roosts of 5 designs deployed in Indiana and Kentucky, USA from April through September 2019. This dataset also includes our endothermic and faculatively heterothermic daily energy expenditure datasets used in our bioenergetic analysis, which were calculated from the bi-hourly rocket box temperature data. Lastly, we include our overheating counts dataset which summarizes daily overheating events (i.e., temperatures > 40 Celsius) in each rocket box style bat box over the course of the study period, these daily summaries were also calculated from the bi-hourly rocket box temperature recordings.
keywords: artificial roost; bat box; microcllimate; temperature
published: 2022-03-30
This dataset is associated with a larger manuscript published in 2022 in the Illinois Natural History Survey Bulletin to summarize all known records for nonindigenous aquatic mollusks in Illinois, and full sources are referenced within the manuscript. We examined museum holdings, literature accounts, publicly available databases sponsored by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) - Nonindigenous Aquatic Species program (http://nas.er.usgs.gov/.) and InvertEBase (invertebase.org). We also included sporadic field survey data of encounters of nonindigenous aquatic species from colleagues within the Illinois Natural History Survey, Illinois Department of Natural Resources, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, county forest preserve districts, and other natural resource agencies about their encounters with nonindigenous aquatic mollusk species. Lastly, we examined the role and utility of citizen-science data to document occurrences of nonindigenous aquatic mollusk species. We queried iNaturalist (www.inaturalist.org) for all available nonindigenous freshwater mollusk data for Illinois. Table heading descriptions (if not intuitive) are: “INHS verified” is whether an INHS staff member verified the record by observing vouchered specimen or photograph; “Source” is where a record was accessed or obtained; “individualCount” is number collected or observed in a record; “MuseumCode” is standard museum abbreviation or acronym; “Institution” is source that housed or reported a record, and this also includes the spelled-out museum code; “Collectors” typically indicates who collected the specimen or voucher; “Lat_Long determined by” denotes whether collection coordinates were stated by the collector or by a curator (using inference from data available); “fieldNumber” typically indicates a unique field number that a collector may have used in the field; “identifiedBy” typically explains who identified a specimen or verified a specimen identification.
keywords: Illinois; Exotic species; Non-native aquatic species; NAS; Aquatic Invasive Species; AIS; Mollusk
published: 2022-03-25
Ground based radar data sets collected during the 2013 NASA EVEX Campaign conducted in Roi-Namur island of the Kwajalein Atoll in the Republic of Marshall Islands are deposited in this databank. Radar data were collected with IRIS VHF and ALTAIR VHF/UHF systems.
planned publication date: 2023-01-01
The following files were used to reconstruct the phylogeny of the leafhopper subfamily Typhlocybinae, using IQ-TREE v1.6.12 and ASTRAL v 4.10.5. <b>1) Taxon_sampling.csv:</b> contains the sample IDs (1st column) and the taxonomic information (2nd column). Sample IDs were used in the alignment files and partition files. <b>2) concatenated_nt_complete.phy:</b> a complete concatenated nucleotide dataset used for the maximum likelihood analysis by IQ-TREE v1.6.12. The file lists the sequences of 248 samples with 154,992 nucleotide positions (intron included) from 665 loci. Hyphens are used to represent gaps. <b>3) concatenated_nt_complete_partition.nex:</b> the partitioning schemes for concatenated_nt_complete.phy. The file partitions the 154,992 nucleotide characters into 426 character sets, and defines the best substitution model for each character set. <b>4) concatenated_cds_complete.phy:</b> a complete concatenated coding DNA sequence dataset used for the maximum likelihood analysis by IQ-TREE v1.6.12. The file lists the sequences of 248 samples with 153,525 nucleotide positions (intron excluded) from 665 loci. Hyphens are used to represent gaps. <b>5) concatenated_cds_complete_partition.nex:</b> the partitioning schemes for concatenated_cds_complete.phy. The file partitions the 153,525 nucleotide characters into 426 character sets, and defines the best substitution model for each character set. <b>6) concatenated_nt_reduced.phy:</b> a reduced concatenated nucleotide dataset used for the maximum likelihood analysis by IQ-TREE v1.6.12. The file lists the sequences of 248 samples with 95,076 nucleotide positions (intron included) from 374 loci. Hyphens are used to represent gaps. <b>7) concatenated_nt_reduced_partition.nex:</b> the partitioning schemes for concatenated_nt_reduced.phy. The file partitions the 95,076 nucleotide characters into 312 character sets, and defines the best substitution model for each character set. <b>8) concatenated_aa_complete.phy:</b> a complete concatenated amino acid dataset used for the maximum likelihood analysis by IQ-TREE v1.6.12, corresponding to concatenated_cds_complete.phy. The file lists the sequences of 248 samples with 51,175 amino acid positions from 665 loci. Hyphens are used to represent gaps. <b>9) concatenated_aa_complete_partition.nex:</b> the partitioning schemes for concatenated_aa_complete.phy. The file partitions the 51,175 amino acid characters into 426 character sets, and defines the best substitution model for each character set. <b>10) concatenated_aa_reduced.phy:</b> a reduced concatenated amino acid dataset used for the maximum likelihood analysis by IQ-TREE v1.6.12, corresponding to concatenated_nt_reduced.phy. The file lists the sequences of 248 samples with 31,384 amino acid positions from 374 loci. Hyphens are used to represent gaps. <b>11) concatenated_aa_reduced_partition.nex:</b> the partitioning schemes for concatenated_aa_reduced.phy. The file partitions the 31,384 amino acid characters into 312 character sets, and defines the best substitution model for each character set. <b>12) Individual_gene_alignment.zip:</b> contains 426 FASTA files, each one is an alignment for a gene. Hyphens are used to represent gaps. These files were used to construct gene trees using IQ-TREE v1.6.12, followed by multispecies coalescent analysis using ASTRAL v 4.10.5 based the consensus trees with a minimum average bootstrap value of 70.
keywords: Auchenorrhyncha, Cicadomorpha, Membracoidea, anchored hybrid enrichment
published: 2022-03-25
This upload includes the 16S.B.ALL in 100-HF condition (referred to as 16S.B.ALL-100-HF) used in Experiment 3 of the WITCH paper (currently accepted in principle by the Journal of Computational Biology). 100-HF condition refers to making sequences fragmentary with an average length of 100 bp and a standard deviation of 60 bp. Additionally, we enforced that all fragmentary sequences to have lengths > 50 bp. Thus, the final average length of the fragments is slightly higher than 100 bp (~120 bp). In this case (i.e., 16S.B.ALL-100-HF), 1,000 sequences with lengths 25% around the median length are retained as "backbone sequences", while the remaining sequences are considered "query sequences" and made fragmentary using the "100-HF" procedure. Backbone sequences are aligned using MAGUS (or we extract their reference alignment). Then, the fragmentary versions of the query sequences are added back to the backbone alignment using either MAGUS+UPP or WITCH. More details of the tar.gz file are described in README.txt.
keywords: MAGUS;UPP;Multiple Sequence Alignment;eHMMs
published: 2022-03-25
The data are original electron micrographs from the lab of the late Dr. Burt Endo of the USDA. These data were digitized from photographic prints and glass plate negatives at 600 DPI as 16 bit TIFF files. This third version added 12 new ZIP files from the Endo data collection. "Endo folder database.xlsx" is updated to reflect the addition. Information in "ReadmeFile name formatting.docx" remains the same as in V2.
keywords: nematode; ultrastructure; Endo; electron microscopy
published: 2022-03-23
This dataset is a estimation of county-to-county commodity delivery through cold chain in 2017. For each county pair, the weight[kg] and value[$] of the cold chain flow between origin and destination for SCTG 5 and SCTG 7 commodities are estimated by our model. - SCTG 5 - Meat, poultry, fish, seafood, and their preparations - SCTG 7 - Other prepared foodstuffs, fats, and oils
keywords: food flows; cold chain; county-scale; United States; carbon footprint
published: 2022-03-20
Data for "Generic character of charge and spin density waves in superconducting cuprates". - Neutron scattering data for SDW - RSXS scans of CDW of LESCO x=0.10, 0.125, 0.15, 0.17, 0.20 at various temperatures. - Temperature dependence of CDW peak intensity, correlation length, Qcdw (Lorentzian fit, S(q,T) fit, Landau-Ginzburg fit) - XAS data of LESCO x=0.10, 0.125, 0.15, 0.17, 0.20
published: 2022-03-19
Raw arthroscopic scores, histologic scores, cytokine measurements, and performance data for the study cohort described in the accompanying publication.
keywords: horse; metatarsophalangeal joint; arthroscopy; exercise; developmental orthopedic disease
published: 2022-03-11
Data sets relating to the manuscript “Long-term yields in annual and perennial bioenergy crops in the Midwestern USA” published in Global Change Biology Bioenergy. Field data, including annual peak biomass and harvest yields from maize/soy, miscanthus, switchgrass, and prairie field trials from 2008-2018 are included. Peak and harvest biomass for fertilized and unfertilized miscanthus are included from 2014-2018.
keywords: miscanthus; switchgrass; yield; drought; crop; perennial; bioenergy
published: 2022-03-09
MATLAB files for the analysis of an ODE model for disease transmission. The codes may be used to find equilibrium points, study transient dynamics, evaluate the basic reproductive number (R0), and simulate the model when parameters depend on the independent variables. In addition, the codes may be used to perform local sensitivity analysis of R0 on the model parameters.
published: 2022-03-01
The following files were used to reconstruct the phylogeny of the leafhopper subfamily Deltocephalinae, using IQ-TREE v1.6.12 and ASTRAL v 4.10.5. <b>1) taxon_sampling.csv:</b> contains the sequencing ids (1st column) and the taxonomic information (2nd column) of each sample. Sequencing ids were used in the alignment files and partition files. <b>2)concatenated_nt.phy:</b> concatenated nucleotide alignment used for the maximum likelihood analysis of Deltocephalinae by IQ-TREE v1.6.12. The file lists the sequences of 163,365 nucleotide positions from 429 genes in 730 samples. Hyphens are used to represent gaps. <b>3) concatenated_nt_partition.nex:</b> the partitions for the concatenated nucleotide alignment. The file partitions the 163,365 nucleotide characters into 429 character sets, and defines the best substitution model for each character set. <b>4) concatenated_aa.phy:</b> concatenated amino acid alignment used for the maximum likelihood analysis of Deltocephalinae by IQ-TREE v1.6.12. The file gives the sequences of 53,969 amino acids from 429 genes in 730 samples. Hyphens are used to represent gaps. <b>5) concatenated_aa_partition.nex:</b> the partitions for the concatenated amino acid alignment. The file partitions the 53,969 characters into 429 character sets, and defines the best substitution model for each character set. <b>6) concatenated_nt_106taxa.phy:</b> a reduced concatenated nucleotide alignment representing 107 samples x 86 genes. This alignment is used to estimate the divergence times of Deltocephalinae using MCMCTree in PAML v4.9. The file lists the sequences of 79,239 nucleotide positions from 86 genes in 107 samples. Hyphens are used to represent gaps. <b>7) concatenated_nt_106taxa_partition.nex:</b> the partitions for the nucleotide alignment concatenated_nt_106taxa.phy. The file partitions the 79,239 nucleotide characters into 86 character sets, and defines the best substitution model for each character set. <b>8) individual_gene_alignment.zip:</b> contains 429 FAS files, one for each of the partitioned nucleotide character sets in the concatenated_nt_partition.nex file. Hyphens are used to represent gaps. These files were used to construct gene trees using IQ-TREE v1.6.12, followed by multispecies coalescent analysis using ASTRAL v 4.10.5.
published: 2022-02-20
This dataset contains the files used to perform the work savings and recall evaluation in the study titled "Data from Testing a filtering strategy for systematic reviews: Evaluating work savings and recall."
keywords: systematic reviews; machine learning; work savings; recall; search results filtering