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published: 2018-04-23
Self-citation analysis data based on PubMed Central subset (2002-2005) ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Created by Shubhanshu Mishra, Brent D. Fegley, Jana Diesner, and Vetle Torvik on April 5th, 2018 ## Introduction This is a dataset created as part of the publication titled: Mishra S, Fegley BD, Diesner J, Torvik VI (2018) Self-Citation is the Hallmark of Productive Authors, of Any Gender. PLOS ONE. It contains files for running the self citation analysis on articles published in PubMed Central between 2002 and 2005, collected in 2015. The dataset is distributed in the form of the following tab separated text files: * Training_data_2002_2005_pmc_pair_First.txt (1.2G) - Data for first authors * Training_data_2002_2005_pmc_pair_Last.txt (1.2G) - Data for last authors * Training_data_2002_2005_pmc_pair_Middle_2nd.txt (964M) - Data for middle 2nd authors * Training_data_2002_2005_pmc_pair_txt.header.txt - Header for the data * COLUMNS_DESC.txt file - Descriptions of all columns * model_text_files.tar.gz - Text files containing model coefficients and scores for model selection. * results_all_model.tar.gz - Model coefficient and result files in numpy format used for plotting purposes. v4.reviewer contains models for analysis done after reviewer comments. * README.txt file ## Dataset creation Our experiments relied on data from multiple sources including properitery data from [Thompson Rueter's (now Clarivate Analytics) Web of Science collection of MEDLINE citations](<a href="https://clarivate.com/products/web-of-science/databases/">https://clarivate.com/products/web-of-science/databases/</a>). Author's interested in reproducing our experiments should personally request from Clarivate Analytics for this data. However, we do make a similar but open dataset based on citations from PubMed Central which can be utilized to get similar results to those reported in our analysis. Furthermore, we have also freely shared our datasets which can be used along with the citation datasets from Clarivate Analytics, to re-create the datased used in our experiments. These datasets are listed below. If you wish to use any of those datasets please make sure you cite both the dataset as well as the paper introducing the dataset. * MEDLINE 2015 baseline: <a href="https://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/licensee/2015_stats/baseline_doc.html">https://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/licensee/2015_stats/baseline_doc.html</a> * Citation data from PubMed Central (original paper includes additional citations from Web of Science) * Author-ity 2009 dataset: - Dataset citation: <a href="https://doi.org/10.13012/B2IDB-4222651_V1">Torvik, Vetle I.; Smalheiser, Neil R. (2018): Author-ity 2009 - PubMed author name disambiguated dataset. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. https://doi.org/10.13012/B2IDB-4222651_V1</a> - Paper citation: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1145/1552303.1552304">Torvik, V. I., & Smalheiser, N. R. (2009). Author name disambiguation in MEDLINE. ACM Transactions on Knowledge Discovery from Data, 3(3), 1–29. https://doi.org/10.1145/1552303.1552304</a> - Paper citation: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.20105">Torvik, V. I., Weeber, M., Swanson, D. R., & Smalheiser, N. R. (2004). A probabilistic similarity metric for Medline records: A model for author name disambiguation. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 56(2), 140–158. https://doi.org/10.1002/asi.20105</a> * Genni 2.0 + Ethnea for identifying author gender and ethnicity: - Dataset citation: <a href="https://doi.org/10.13012/B2IDB-9087546_V1">Torvik, Vetle (2018): Genni + Ethnea for the Author-ity 2009 dataset. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. https://doi.org/10.13012/B2IDB-9087546_V1</a> - Paper citation: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1145/2467696.2467720">Smith, B. N., Singh, M., & Torvik, V. I. (2013). A search engine approach to estimating temporal changes in gender orientation of first names. In Proceedings of the 13th ACM/IEEE-CS joint conference on Digital libraries - JCDL ’13. ACM Press. https://doi.org/10.1145/2467696.2467720</a> - Paper citation: <a href="http://hdl.handle.net/2142/88927">Torvik VI, Agarwal S. Ethnea -- an instance-based ethnicity classifier based on geo-coded author names in a large-scale bibliographic database. International Symposium on Science of Science March 22-23, 2016 - Library of Congress, Washington DC, USA. http://hdl.handle.net/2142/88927</a> * MapAffil for identifying article country of affiliation: - Dataset citation: <a href="https://doi.org/10.13012/B2IDB-4354331_V1">Torvik, Vetle I. (2018): MapAffil 2016 dataset -- PubMed author affiliations mapped to cities and their geocodes worldwide. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. https://doi.org/10.13012/B2IDB-4354331_V1</a> - Paper citation: <a href="http://doi.org/10.1045/november2015-torvik">Torvik VI. MapAffil: A Bibliographic Tool for Mapping Author Affiliation Strings to Cities and Their Geocodes Worldwide. D-Lib magazine : the magazine of the Digital Library Forum. 2015;21(11-12):10.1045/november2015-torvik</a> * IMPLICIT journal similarity: - Dataset citation: <a href="https://doi.org/10.13012/B2IDB-4742014_V1">Torvik, Vetle (2018): Author-implicit journal, MeSH, title-word, and affiliation-word pairs based on Author-ity 2009. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. https://doi.org/10.13012/B2IDB-4742014_V1</a> * Novelty dataset for identify article level novelty: - Dataset citation: <a href="https://doi.org/10.13012/B2IDB-5060298_V1">Mishra, Shubhanshu; Torvik, Vetle I. (2018): Conceptual novelty scores for PubMed articles. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. https://doi.org/10.13012/B2IDB-5060298_V1</a> - Paper citation: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1045/september2016-mishra"> Mishra S, Torvik VI. Quantifying Conceptual Novelty in the Biomedical Literature. D-Lib magazine : The Magazine of the Digital Library Forum. 2016;22(9-10):10.1045/september2016-mishra</a> - Code: <a href="https://github.com/napsternxg/Novelty">https://github.com/napsternxg/Novelty</a> * Expertise dataset for identifying author expertise on articles: * Source code provided at: <a href="https://github.com/napsternxg/PubMed_SelfCitationAnalysis">https://github.com/napsternxg/PubMed_SelfCitationAnalysis</a> **Note: The dataset is based on a snapshot of PubMed (which includes Medline and PubMed-not-Medline records) taken in the first week of October, 2016.** Check <a href="https://www.nlm.nih.gov/databases/download/pubmed_medline.html">here</a> for information to get PubMed/MEDLINE, and NLMs data Terms and Conditions Additional data related updates can be found at <a href="http://abel.ischool.illinois.edu">Torvik Research Group</a> ## Acknowledgments This work was made possible in part with funding to VIT from <a href="https://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=8475017&icde=18058490">NIH grant P01AG039347</a> and <a href="http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1348742">NSF grant 1348742</a>. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. ## License Self-citation analysis data based on PubMed Central subset (2002-2005) by Shubhanshu Mishra, Brent D. Fegley, Jana Diesner, and Vetle Torvik is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at <a href="https://github.com/napsternxg/PubMed_SelfCitationAnalysis">https://github.com/napsternxg/PubMed_SelfCitationAnalysis</a>.
keywords: Self citation; PubMed Central; Data Analysis; Citation Data;
published: 2018-04-23
Conceptual novelty analysis data based on PubMed Medical Subject Headings ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Created by Shubhanshu Mishra, and Vetle I. Torvik on April 16th, 2018 ## Introduction This is a dataset created as part of the publication titled: Mishra S, Torvik VI. Quantifying Conceptual Novelty in the Biomedical Literature. D-Lib magazine : the magazine of the Digital Library Forum. 2016;22(9-10):10.1045/september2016-mishra. It contains final data generated as part of our experiments based on MEDLINE 2015 baseline and MeSH tree from 2015. The dataset is distributed in the form of the following tab separated text files: * PubMed2015_NoveltyData.tsv - Novelty scores for each paper in PubMed. The file contains 22,349,417 rows and 6 columns, as follow: - PMID: PubMed ID - Year: year of publication - TimeNovelty: time novelty score of the paper based on individual concepts (see paper) - VolumeNovelty: volume novelty score of the paper based on individual concepts (see paper) - PairTimeNovelty: time novelty score of the paper based on pair of concepts (see paper) - PairVolumeNovelty: volume novelty score of the paper based on pair of concepts (see paper) * mesh_scores.tsv - Temporal profiles for each MeSH term for all years. The file contains 1,102,831 rows and 5 columns, as follow: - MeshTerm: Name of the MeSH term - Year: year - AbsVal: Total publications with that MeSH term in the given year - TimeNovelty: age (in years since first publication) of MeSH term in the given year - VolumeNovelty: : age (in number of papers since first publication) of MeSH term in the given year * meshpair_scores.txt.gz (36 GB uncompressed) - Temporal profiles for each MeSH term for all years - Mesh1: Name of the first MeSH term (alphabetically sorted) - Mesh2: Name of the second MeSH term (alphabetically sorted) - Year: year - AbsVal: Total publications with that MeSH pair in the given year - TimeNovelty: age (in years since first publication) of MeSH pair in the given year - VolumeNovelty: : age (in number of papers since first publication) of MeSH pair in the given year * README.txt file ## Dataset creation This dataset was constructed using multiple datasets described in the following locations: * MEDLINE 2015 baseline: <a href="https://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/licensee/2015_stats/baseline_doc.html">https://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/licensee/2015_stats/baseline_doc.html</a> * MeSH tree 2015: <a href="ftp://nlmpubs.nlm.nih.gov/online/mesh/2015/meshtrees/">ftp://nlmpubs.nlm.nih.gov/online/mesh/2015/meshtrees/</a> * Source code provided at: <a href="https://github.com/napsternxg/Novelty">https://github.com/napsternxg/Novelty</a> Note: The dataset is based on a snapshot of PubMed (which includes Medline and PubMed-not-Medline records) taken in the first week of October, 2016. Check <a href="https://www.nlm.nih.gov/databases/download/pubmed_medline.html">here </a>for information to get PubMed/MEDLINE, and NLMs data Terms and Conditions: Additional data related updates can be found at: <a href="http://abel.ischool.illinois.edu">Torvik Research Group</a> ## Acknowledgments This work was made possible in part with funding to VIT from <a href="https://projectreporter.nih.gov/project_info_description.cfm?aid=8475017&icde=18058490">NIH grant P01AG039347 </a> and <a href="http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1348742">NSF grant 1348742 </a>. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. ## License Conceptual novelty analysis data based on PubMed Medical Subject Headings by Shubhanshu Mishra, and Vetle Torvik is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at <a href="https://github.com/napsternxg/Novelty">https://github.com/napsternxg/Novelty</a>
keywords: Conceptual novelty; bibliometrics; PubMed; MEDLINE; MeSH; Medical Subject Headings; Analysis;
published: 2018-04-23
Contains a series of datasets that score pairs of tokens (words, journal names, and controlled vocabulary terms) based on how often they co-occur within versus across authors' collections of papers. The tokens derive from four different fields of PubMed papers: journal, affiliation, title, MeSH (medical subject headings). Thus, there are 10 different datasets, one for each pair of token type: affiliation-word vs affiliation-word, affiliation-word vs journal, affiliation-word vs mesh, affiliation-word vs title-word, mesh vs mesh, mesh vs journal, etc. Using authors to link papers and in turn pairs of tokens is an alternative to the usual within-document co-occurrences, and using e.g., citations to link papers. This is particularly striking for journal pairs because a paper almost always appears in a single journal and so within-document co-occurrences are 0, i.e., useless. The tokens are taken from the Author-ity 2009 dataset which has a cluster of papers for each inferred author, and a summary of each field. For MeSH, title-words, affiliation-words that summary includes only the top-20 most frequent tokens after field-specific stoplisting (e.g., university is stoplisted from affiliation and Humans is stoplisted from MeSH). The score for a pair of tokens A and B is defined as follows. Suppose Ai and Bi are the number of occurrences of token A (and B, respectively) across the i-th author's papers, then nA = sum(Ai); nB = sum(Ai) nAB = sum(Ai*Bi) if A not equal B; nAA = sum(Ai*(Ai-1)/2) otherwise nAnB = nA*nB if A not equal B; nAnA = nA*(nA-1)/2 otherwise score = 1000000*nAB/nAnB if A is not equal B; 1000000*nAA/nAnA otherwise Token pairs are excluded when: score < 5, or nA < cut-off, or nB < cut-off, or nAB < cut-offAB. The cut-offs differ for token types and can be inferred from the datasets. For example, cut-off = 200 and cut-offAB = 20 for journal pairs. Each dataset has the following 7 tab-delimited all-ASCII columns 1: score: roughly the number tokens' co-occurrence divided by the total number of pairs, in parts per million (ppm), ranging from 5 to 1,000,000 2: nAB: total number of co-occurrences 3: nAnB: total number of pairs 4: nA: number of occurrences of token A 5: nB: number of occurrences of token B 6: A: token A 7: B: token B We made some of these datasets as early as 2011 as we were working to link PubMed authors with USPTO inventors, where the vocabulary usage is strikingly different, but also more recently to create links from PubMed authors to their dissertations and NIH/NSF investigators, and to help disambiguate PubMed authors. Going beyond explicit (exact within-field match) is particularly useful when data is sparse (think old papers lacking controlled vocabulary and affiliations, or papers with metadata written in different languages) and when making links across databases with different kinds of fields and vocabulary (think PubMed vs USPTO records). We never published a paper on this but our work inspired the more refined measures described in: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115681">D′Souza JL, Smalheiser NR (2014) Three Journal Similarity Metrics and Their Application to Biomedical Journals. PLOS ONE 9(12): e115681. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0115681</a> <a href="http://dx.doi.org/10.5210/disco.v7i0.6654">Smalheiser, N., & Bonifield, G. (2016). Two Similarity Metrics for Medical Subject Headings (MeSH): An Aid to Biomedical Text Mining and Author Name Disambiguation. DISCO: Journal of Biomedical Discovery and Collaboration, 7. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5210/disco.v7i0.6654</a>
keywords: PubMed; MeSH; token; name disambiguation
published: 2018-04-23
Provides links to Author-ity 2009, including records from principal investigators (on NIH and NSF grants), inventors on USPTO patents, and students/advisors on ProQuest dissertations. Note that NIH and NSF differ in the type of fields they record and standards used (e.g., institution names). Typically an NSF grant spanning multiple years is associated with one record, while an NIH grant occurs in multiple records, for each fiscal year, sub-projects/supplements, possibly with different principal investigators. The prior probability of match (i.e., that the author exists in Author-ity 2009) varies dramatically across NIH grants, NSF grants, and USPTO patents. The great majority of NIH principal investigators have one or more papers in PubMed but a minority of NSF principal investigators (except in biology) have papers in PubMed, and even fewer USPTO inventors do. This prior probability has been built into the calculation of match probabilities. The NIH data were downloaded from NIH exporter and the older NIH CRISP files. The dataset has 2,353,387 records, only includes ones with match probability > 0.5, and has the following 12 fields: 1 app_id, 2 nih_full_proj_nbr, 3 nih_subproj_nbr, 4 fiscal_year 5 pi_position 6 nih_pi_names 7 org_name 8 org_city_name 9 org_bodypolitic_code 10 age: number of years since their first paper 11 prob: the match probability to au_id 12 au_id: Author-ity 2009 author ID The NSF dataset has 262,452 records, only includes ones with match probability > 0.5, and the following 10 fields: 1 AwardId 2 fiscal_year 3 pi_position, 4 PrincipalInvestigators, 5 Institution, 6 InstitutionCity, 7 InstitutionState, 8 age: number of years since their first paper 9 prob: the match probability to au_id 10 au_id: Author-ity 2009 author ID There are two files for USPTO because here we linked disambiguated authors in PubMed (from Author-ity 2009) with disambiguated inventors. The USPTO linking dataset has 309,720 records, only includes ones with match probability > 0.5, and the following 3 fields 1 au_id: Author-ity 2009 author ID 2 inv_id: USPTO inventor ID 3 prob: the match probability of au_id vs inv_id The disambiguated inventors file (uiuc_uspto.tsv) has 2,736,306 records, and has the following 7 fields 1 inv_id: USPTO inventor ID 2 is_lower 3 is_upper 4 fullnames 5 patents: patent IDs separated by '|' 6 first_app_yr 7 last_app_yr
keywords: PubMed; USPTO; Principal investigator; Name disambiguation
published: 2018-04-19
MapAffil 2016 dataset -- PubMed author affiliations mapped to cities and their geocodes worldwide. Prepared by Vetle Torvik 2018-04-05 The dataset comes as a single tab-delimited Latin-1 encoded file (only the City column uses non-ASCII characters), and should be about 3.5GB uncompressed. &bull; How was the dataset created? The dataset is based on a snapshot of PubMed (which includes Medline and PubMed-not-Medline records) taken in the first week of October, 2016. Check here for information to get PubMed/MEDLINE, and NLMs data <a href ="https://www.nlm.nih.gov/databases/download/pubmed_medline.html">Terms and Conditions</a> &bull; Affiliations are linked to a particular author on a particular article. Prior to 2014, NLM recorded the affiliation of the first author only. However, MapAffil 2016 covers some PubMed records lacking affiliations that were harvested elsewhere, from PMC (e.g., PMID 22427989), NIH grants (e.g., 1838378), and Microsoft Academic Graph and ADS (e.g. 5833220). &bull; Affiliations are pre-processed (e.g., transliterated into ASCII from UTF-8 and html) so they may differ (sometimes a lot; see PMID 27487542) from PubMed records. &bull; All affiliation strings where processed using the MapAffil procedure, to identify and disambiguate the most specific place-name, as described in: <i>Torvik VI. MapAffil: A bibliographic tool for mapping author affiliation strings to cities and their geocodes worldwide. D-Lib Magazine 2015; 21 (11/12). 10p</i> &bull; Look for <a href="https://doi.org/10.1186/s41182-017-0073-6">Fig. 4</a> in the following article for coverage statistics over time: <i>Palmblad M, Torvik VI. Spatiotemporal analysis of tropical disease research combining Europe PMC and affiliation mapping web services. Tropical medicine and health. 2017 Dec;45(1):33.</i> Expect to see big upticks in coverage of PMIDs around 1988 and for non-first authors in 2014. &bull; The code and back-end data is periodically updated and made available for query by PMID at <a href="http://abel.ischool.illinois.edu/">Torvik Research Group</a> &bull; What is the format of the dataset? The dataset contains 37,406,692 rows. Each row (line) in the file has a unique PMID and author postition (e.g., 10786286_3 is the third author name on PMID 10786286), and the following thirteen columns, tab-delimited. All columns are ASCII, except city which contains Latin-1. 1. PMID: positive non-zero integer; int(10) unsigned 2. au_order: positive non-zero integer; smallint(4) 3. lastname: varchar(80) 4. firstname: varchar(80); NLM started including these in 2002 but many have been harvested from outside PubMed 5. year of publication: 6. type: EDU, HOS, EDU-HOS, ORG, COM, GOV, MIL, UNK 7. city: varchar(200); typically 'city, state, country' but could inlude further subvisions; unresolved ambiguities are concatenated by '|' 8. state: Australia, Canada and USA (which includes territories like PR, GU, AS, and post-codes like AE and AA) 9. country 10. journal 11. lat: at most 3 decimals (only available when city is not a country or state) 12. lon: at most 3 decimals (only available when city is not a country or state) 13. fips: varchar(5); for USA only retrieved by lat-lon query to https://geo.fcc.gov/api/census/block/find
keywords: PubMed, MEDLINE, Digital Libraries, Bibliographic Databases; Author Affiliations; Geographic Indexing; Place Name Ambiguity; Geoparsing; Geocoding; Toponym Extraction; Toponym Resolution
published: 2018-04-19
Author-ity 2009 baseline dataset. Prepared by Vetle Torvik 2009-12-03 The dataset comes in the form of 18 compressed (.gz) linux text files named authority2009.part00.gz - authority2009.part17.gz. The total size should be ~17.4GB uncompressed. &bull; How was the dataset created? The dataset is based on a snapshot of PubMed (which includes Medline and PubMed-not-Medline records) taken in July 2009. A total of 19,011,985 Article records and 61,658,514 author name instances. Each instance of an author name is uniquely represented by the PMID and the position on the paper (e.g., 10786286_3 is the third author name on PMID 10786286). Thus, each cluster is represented by a collection of author name instances. The instances were first grouped into "blocks" by last name and first name initial (including some close variants), and then each block was separately subjected to clustering. Details are described in <i>Torvik, V., & Smalheiser, N. (2009). Author name disambiguation in MEDLINE. ACM Transactions On Knowledge Discovery From Data, 3(3), doi:10.1145/1552303.1552304</i> <i>Torvik, V. I., Weeber, M., Swanson, D. R., & Smalheiser, N. R. (2005). A Probabilistic Similarity Metric for Medline Records: A Model for Author Name Disambiguation. Journal Of The American Society For Information Science & Technology, 56(2), 140-158. doi:10.1002/asi.20105</i> Note that for Author-ity 2009, some new predictive features (e.g., grants, citations matches, temporal, affiliation phrases) and a post-processing merging procedure were applied (to capture name variants not capture during blocking e.g. matches for subsets of compound last name matches, and nicknames with different first initial like Bill and William), and a temporal feature was used -- this has not yet been written up for publication. &bull; How accurate is the 2009 dataset (compared to 2006 and 2009)? The recall reported for 2006 of 98.8% has been much improved in 2009 (because common last name variants are now captured). Compared to 2006, both years 2008 and 2009 overall seem to exhibit a higher rate of splitting errors but lower rate of lumping errors. This reflects an overall decrease in prior probabilites -- possibly because e.g. a) new prior estimation procedure that avoid wild estimates (by dampening the magnitude of iterative changes); b) 2008 and 2009 included items in Pubmed-not-Medline (including in-process items); and c) and the dramatic (exponential) increase in frequencies of some names (J. Lee went from ~16,000 occurrences in 2006 to 26,000 in 2009.) Although, splitting is reduced in 2009 for some special cases like NIH funded investigators who list their grant number of their papers. Compared to 2008, splitting errors were reduced overall in 2009 while maintaining the same level of lumping errors. &bull; What is the format of the dataset? The cluster summaries for 2009 are much more extenstive than the 2008 dataset. Each line corresponds to a predicted author-individual represented by cluster of author name instances and a summary of all the corresponding papers and author name variants (and if there are > 10 papers in the cluster, an identical summary of the 10 most recent papers). Each cluster has a unique Author ID (which is uniquely identified by the PMID of the earliest paper in the cluster and the author name position. The summary has the following tab-delimited fields: 1. blocks separated by '||'; each block may consist of multiple lastname-first initial variants separated by '|' 2. prior probabilities of the respective blocks separated by '|' 3. Cluster number relative to the block ordered by cluster size (some are listed as 'CLUSTER X' when they were derived from multiple blocks) 4. Author ID (or cluster ID) e.g., bass_c_9731334_2 represents a cluster where 9731334_2 is the earliest author name instance. Although not needed for uniqueness, the id also has the most frequent lastname_firstinitial (lowercased). 5. cluster size (number of author name instances on papers) 6. name variants separated by '|' with counts in parenthesis. Each variant of the format lastname_firstname middleinitial, suffix 7. last name variants separated by '|' 8. first name variants separated by '|' 9. middle initial variants separated by '|' ('-' if none) 10. suffix variants separated by '|' ('-' if none) 11. email addresses separated by '|' ('-' if none) 12. range of years (e.g., 1997-2009) 13. Top 20 most frequent affiliation words (after stoplisting and tokenizing; some phrases are also made) with counts in parenthesis; separated by '|'; ('-' if none) 14. Top 20 most frequent MeSH (after stoplisting; "-") with counts in parenthesis; separated by '|'; ('-' if none) 15. Journals with counts in parenthesis (separated by "|"), 16. Top 20 most frequent title words (after stoplisting and tokenizing) with counts in parenthesis; separated by '|'; ('-' if none) 17. Co-author names (lowercased lastname and first/middle initials) with counts in parenthesis; separated by '|'; ('-' if none) 18. Co-author IDs with counts in parenthesis; separated by '|'; ('-' if none) 19. Author name instances (PMID_auno separated '|') 20. Grant IDs (after normalization; "-" if none given; separated by "|"), 21. Total number of times cited. (Citations are based on references extracted from PMC). 22. h-index 23. Citation counts (e.g., for h-index): PMIDs by the author that have been cited (with total citation counts in parenthesis); separated by "|" 24. Cited: PMIDs that the author cited (with counts in parenthesis) separated by "|" 25. Cited-by: PMIDs that cited the author (with counts in parenthesis) separated by "|" 26-47. same summary as for 4-25 except that the 10 most recent papers were used (based on year; so if paper 10, 11, 12... have the same year, one is selected arbitrarily)
keywords: Bibliographic databases; Name disambiguation; MEDLINE; Library information networks
published: 2018-03-28
Bibliotelemetry data are provided in support of the evaluation of Internet of Things (IoT) middleware within library collections. IoT infrastructure within the physical library environment is the basis for an integrative, hybrid approach to digital resource recommenders. The IoT infrastructure provides mobile, dynamic wayfinding support for items in the collection, which includes features for location-based recommendations. A modular evaluation and analysis herein clarified the nature of users’ requests for recommendations based on their location, and describes subject areas of the library for which users request recommendations. The modular mobile design allowed for deep exploration of bibliographic identifiers as they appeared throughout the global module system, serving to provide context to the searching and browsing data that are the focus of this study.
keywords: internet of things; IoT; academic libraries; bibliographic classification
published: 2018-03-08
This dataset was developed to create a census of sufficiently documented molecular biology databases to answer several preliminary research questions. Articles published in the annual Nucleic Acids Research (NAR) “Database Issues” were used to identify a population of databases for study. Namely, the questions addressed herein include: 1) what is the historical rate of database proliferation versus rate of database attrition?, 2) to what extent do citations indicate persistence?, and 3) are databases under active maintenance and does evidence of maintenance likewise correlate to citation? An overarching goal of this study is to provide the ability to identify subsets of databases for further analysis, both as presented within this study and through subsequent use of this openly released dataset.
keywords: databases; research infrastructure; sustainability; data sharing; molecular biology; bioinformatics; bibliometrics
published: 2017-12-01
This dataset contains all the numerical results (digital elevation models) that are presented in the paper "Landscape evolution models using the stream power incision model show unrealistic behavior when m/n equals 0.5." The paper can be found at: http://www.earth-surf-dynam-discuss.net/esurf-2017-15/ The paper has been accepted, but the most up to date version may not be available at the link above. If so, please contact Jeffrey Kwang at jeffskwang@gmail.com to obtain the most up to date manuscript.
keywords: landscape evolution models; digital elelvation model
published: 2017-12-04
Data used for Zaya et al. (2018), published in Invasive Plant Science and Management DOI 10.1017/inp.2017.37, are made available here. There are three spreadsheet files (CSV) available, as well as a text file that has detailed descriptions for each file ("readme.txt"). One spreadsheet file ("prices.csv") gives pricing information, associated with Figure 3 in Zaya et al. (2018). The other two spreadsheet files are associated with the genetic analysis, where one file contains raw data for biallelic microsatellite loci ("genotypes.csv") and the other ("structureResults.csv") contains the results of Bayesian clustering analysis with the program STRUCTURE. The genetic data may be especially useful for future researchers. The genetic data contain the genotypes of the horticultural samples that were the focus of the published article, and also genotypes of nearly 400 wild plants. More information on the location of the wild plant collections can be found in the Supplemental information for Zaya et al. (2015) Biological Invasions 17:2975–2988 DOI 10.1007/s10530-015-0926-z. See "readme.txt" for more information.
keywords: Horticultural industry; invasive species; microsatellite DNA; mislabeling; molecular testing
published: 2017-12-15
These are the results of an 8 month cohort study in two commercial dairy herds in Northwest Illinois. From each herd, 50 cows were selected at random, stratified over lactations 1 to 3. Serum from these animals was collected every two months and tested for antibodies to Bovine Leukosis Virus, Neospora caninum, and Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis. Animals that left the herd during the study were replaced by another animal in the same herd and lactation. At the last sampling, serum neutralization assays were performed for Bovine Herpesvirus type 1 and Bovine Viral Diarrhea virus type 1 and 2. Production data before and after sampling was collected for the entire herd from PCdart.
keywords: serostatus;dairy;production;cohort
published: 2017-12-18
This dataset matches to a thesis of the same title: Can fair use be adequately taught to Librarians? Assessing Librarians' confidence and comprehension in explaining fair use following an expert workshop.
keywords: fair use; copyright
published: 2017-12-14
Objectives: This study follows-up on previous work that began examining data deposited in an institutional repository. The work here extends the earlier study by answering the following lines of research questions: (1) what is the file composition of datasets ingested into the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign campus repository? Are datasets more likely to be single file or multiple file items? (2) what is the usage data associated with these datasets? Which items are most popular? Methods: The dataset records collected in this study were identified by filtering item types categorized as "data" or "dataset" using the advanced search function in IDEALS. Returned search results were collected in an Excel spreadsheet to include data such as the Handle identifier, date ingested, file formats, composition code, and the download count from the item's statistics report. The Handle identifier represents the dataset record's persistent identifier. Composition represents codes that categorize items as single or multiple file deposits. Date available represents the date the dataset record was published in the campus repository. Download statistics were collected via a website link for each dataset record and indicates the number of times the dataset record has been downloaded. Once the data was collected, it was used to evaluate datasets deposited into IDEALS. Results: A total of 522 datasets were identified for analysis covering the period between January 2007 and August 2016. This study revealed two influxes occurring during the period of 2008-2009 and in 2014. During the first time frame a large number of PDFs were deposited by the Illinois Department of Agriculture. Whereas, Microsoft Excel files were deposited in 2014 by the Rare Books and Manuscript Library. Single file datasets clearly dominate the deposits in the campus repository. The total download count for all datasets was 139,663 and the average downloads per month per file across all datasets averaged 3.2. Conclusion: Academic librarians, repository managers, and research data services staff can use the results presented here to anticipate the nature of research data that may be deposited within institutional repositories. With increased awareness, content recruitment, and improvements, IRs can provide a viable cyberinfrastructure for researchers to deposit data, but much can be learned from the data already deposited. Awareness of trends can help librarians facilitate discussions with researchers about research data deposits as well as better tailor their services to address short-term and long-term research needs.
keywords: research data; research statistics; institutional repositories; academic libraries
published: 2017-12-20
The dataset contains processed model fields used to generate data, figures and tables in the Journal of Geophysical Research article "Investigating the linear dependence of direct and indirect radiative forcing on emission of carbonaceous aerosols in a global climate model." The processed data are monthly averaged cloud properties (CCN, CDNC and LWP) and forcing variables (DRF and IRF) at original CAM5 spatial resolution (1.9° by 2.5°). Raw model output fields from CAM5 simulations are available through NERSC upon request. Please find more detailed information in the ReadMe file.
keywords: carbonaceous aerosols; radiative forcing; emission; linearity
published: 2018-01-03
Concatenated sequence alignment, phylogenetic analysis files, and relevant software parameter files from a cophylogenetic study of Brueelia-complex lice and their avian hosts. The sequence alignment file includes a list of character blocks for each gene alignment and the parameters used for the MrBayes phylogenetic analysis. 1) Files from the MrBayes analyses: a) a file with 100 random post-burnin trees (50% burnin) used in the cophylogenetic analysis - analysisrandom100_trees_brueelia.tre b) a majority rule consensus tree - treeconsensus_tree_brueelia.tre c) a maximum clade credibility tree - mcc_tree_brueelia.tre The tree tips are labeled with louse voucher names, and can be referenced in Supplementary Table 1 of the associated publication. 2) Files related to a BEAST analysis with COI data: a) the XML file used as input for the BEAST run, including model parameters, MCMC chain length, and priors - beast_parameters_coi_brueelia.xml b) a file with 100 random post-burnin trees (10% burnin) from the BEAST posterior distribution of trees; used in OTU analysis - beast_100random_trees_brueelia.tre c) an ultrametric maximum clade credibility tree - mcc_tree_beast_brueelia.tre 3) A maximum clade credibility tree of Brueelia-complex host species generated from a distribution of trees downloaded from https://birdtree.org/subsets/ - mcc_tree_brueelia_hosts.tre 4) Concatenated sequence alignment - concatenated_alignment_brueelia.nex
keywords: bird lice; Brueelia-complex; passerines; multiple sequence alignment; phylogenetic tree; Bayesian phylogenetic analysis; MrBayes; BEAST
published: 2018-01-13
This dataset provides the time series (Aug. - Sep. 2016) data of sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence, photosynthesis, photosynthetically active radiation, and associated vegetation indices that were collected in a soybean field in the farm of University of Illinois at Urbana and Champaign. Data contain 255 records and 6 variables (PPFD-IN: Photosynthetically active radiation; GPP-Gross Primary Production; SIF: Sun-Induced Fluorescence; NDVI: Normalized Difference Vegetation Index; Rededge: Rededge Index; Redege_NDVI: Rededge Normalized Difference Vegetation Index). The timestamp uses the standard time. Data are available from 8 am to 4 pm (corresponding to 9 am to 5 pm local time) every day.
keywords: sun-induced chlorophyll fluorescence; photosynthesis; soybean
published: 2018-02-22
Datasets used in the study, "OCTAL: Optimal Completion of Gene Trees in Polynomial Time," under review at Algorithms for Molecular Biology. Note: DS_STORE file in 25gen-10M folder can be disregarded.
keywords: phylogenomics; missing data; coalescent-based species tree estimation; gene trees
published: 2018-01-11
Dataset includes structure and values of a causal model for Training Quality in nuclear power plants. Each entry refers to a piece of evidence supporting causality of the Training Quality causal model. Includes bibliographic information, context-specific text from the reference, and three weighted values; (M1) credibility of reference, (2) causality determined by the author, and (3) analysts confidence level. (M1, M2, and M3) Weight metadata are based on probability language from <a href="https://www.ipcc.ch/ipccreports/tar/vol4/english/index.htm" style="text-decoration: none" >Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Climate Change 2001: Synthesis Report</a>. The language can be found in the “Summary for Policymakers” section, in the PDF format. Weight Metadata: LowerBound_Probability, UpperBound_Probability, Qualitative Language 0.99, 1, Virtually Certain 0.9, 0.99, Very Likely 0.66, 0.9, Likely 0.33, 0.66, Medium Likelihood 0.1, 0.33, Unlikely 0.01, 0.1, Very Unlikely 0, 0.01, Extremely Unlikely
keywords: Data-Theoretic; Training; Organization; Probabilistic Risk Assessment; Training Quality; Causal Model; DT-BASE; Bayesian Belief Network; Bayesian Network; Theory-Building
published: 2017-06-16
Table S1. Pollen types identified in the BCI and PNSL pollen rain data sets. Pollen types were identified to species when possible and assigned a life form based on descriptions provided in Croat, T.B. (1978). Taxa from BCI and PNSL were assigned a 1 if present in forest census data or a 0 if absent. The relative representation of each taxon has been provided for each extended record and by dry and wet season representation respectively. CA loadings are provided for axes 1 and 2 (Fig. 1).
keywords: pollen; identifications; abundance; data; BCI; PNSL; Panama
published: 2016-06-23
This dataset contains hourly traffic estimates (speeds) for individual links of the New York City road network for the years 2010-2013, estimated from New York City Taxis.
keywords: traffic estimates; traffic conditions; New York City
published: 2017-10-11
The International Registry of Reproductive Pathology Database is part of pioneering work done by Dr. Kenneth McEntee to comprehensively document thousands of disease cases studies. His large and comprehensive collection of case reports and physical samples was complimented by development of the International Registry of Reproductive Pathology Database in the 1980s. The original FoxPro Database files and a migrated access version were completed by the College of Veterinary Medicine in 2016. Access CSV files were completed by the University of Illinois Library in 2017.
keywords: Animal Pathology; Databases; Veterinary Medicine
published: 2017-11-15
Monthly water withdrawal records (total pumpage and per-capita consumption) for the City of Austin, Texas (2000-2014). Data were provided by Austin Water Utility.
keywords: Water use; Water conservation
published: 2017-11-14
If you use this dataset, please cite the IJRR data paper (bibtex is below). We present a dataset collected from a canoe along the Sangamon River in Illinois. The canoe was equipped with a stereo camera, an IMU, and a GPS device, which provide visual data suitable for stereo or monocular applications, inertial measurements, and position data for ground truth. We recorded a canoe trip up and down the river for 44 minutes covering 2.7 km round trip. The dataset adds to those previously recorded in unstructured environments and is unique in that it is recorded on a river, which provides its own set of challenges and constraints that are described in this paper. The data is divided into subsets, which can be downloaded individually. Video previews are available on Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCOU9e7xxqmL_s4QX6jsGZSw The information below can also be found in the README files provided in the 527 dataset and each of its subsets. The purpose of this document is to assist researchers in using this dataset. Images ====== Raw --- The raw images are stored in the cam0 and cam1 directories in bmp format. They are bayered images that need to be debayered and undistorted before they are used. The camera parameters for these images can be found in camchain-imucam.yaml. Note that the camera intrinsics describe a 1600x1200 resolution image, so the focal length and center pixel coordinates must be scaled by 0.5 before they are used. The distortion coefficients remain the same even for the scaled images. The camera to imu tranformation matrix is also in this file. cam0/ refers to the left camera, and cam1/ refers to the right camera. Rectified --------- Stereo rectified, undistorted, row-aligned, debayered images are stored in the rectified/ directory in the same way as the raw images except that they are in png format. The params.yaml file contains the projection and rotation matrices necessary to use these images. The resolution of these parameters do not need to be scaled as is necessary for the raw images. params.yml ---------- The stereo rectification parameters. R0,R1,P0,P1, and Q correspond to the outputs of the OpenCV stereoRectify function except that 1s and 2s are replaced by 0s and 1s, respectively. R0: The rectifying rotation matrix of the left camera. R1: The rectifying rotation matrix of the right camera. P0: The projection matrix of the left camera. P1: The projection matrix of the right camera. Q: Disparity to depth mapping matrix T_cam_imu: Transformation matrix for a point in the IMU frame to the left camera frame. camchain-imucam.yaml -------------------- The camera intrinsic and extrinsic parameters and the camera to IMU transformation usable with the raw images. T_cam_imu: Transformation matrix for a point in the IMU frame to the camera frame. distortion_coeffs: lens distortion coefficients using the radial tangential model. intrinsics: focal length x, focal length y, principal point x, principal point y resolution: resolution of calibration. Scale the intrinsics for use with the raw 800x600 images. The distortion coefficients do not change when the image is scaled. T_cn_cnm1: Transformation matrix from the right camera to the left camera. Sensors ------- Here, each message in name.csv is described ###rawimus### time # GPS time in seconds message name # rawimus acceleration_z # m/s^2 IMU uses right-forward-up coordinates -acceleration_y # m/s^2 acceleration_x # m/s^2 angular_rate_z # rad/s IMU uses right-forward-up coordinates -angular_rate_y # rad/s angular_rate_x # rad/s ###IMG### time # GPS time in seconds message name # IMG left image filename right image filename ###inspvas### time # GPS time in seconds message name # inspvas latitude longitude altitude # ellipsoidal height WGS84 in meters north velocity # m/s east velocity # m/s up velocity # m/s roll # right hand rotation about y axis in degrees pitch # right hand rotation about x axis in degrees azimuth # left hand rotation about z axis in degrees clockwise from north ###inscovs### time # GPS time in seconds message name # inscovs position covariance # 9 values xx,xy,xz,yx,yy,yz,zx,zy,zz m^2 attitude covariance # 9 values xx,xy,xz,yx,yy,yz,zx,zy,zz deg^2 velocity covariance # 9 values xx,xy,xz,yx,yy,yz,zx,zy,zz (m/s)^2 ###bestutm### time # GPS time in seconds message name # bestutm utm zone # numerical zone utm character # alphabetical zone northing # m easting # m height # m above mean sea level Camera logs ----------- The files name.cam0 and name.cam1 are text files that correspond to cameras 0 and 1, respectively. The columns are defined by: unused: The first column is all 1s and can be ignored. software frame number: This number increments at the end of every iteration of the software loop. camera frame number: This number is generated by the camera and increments each time the shutter is triggered. The software and camera frame numbers do not have to start at the same value, but if the difference between the initial and final values is not the same, it suggests that frames may have been dropped. camera timestamp: This is the cameras internal timestamp of the frame capture in units of 100 milliseconds. PC timestamp: This is the PC time of arrival of the image. name.kml -------- The kml file is a mapping file that can be read by software such as Google Earth. It contains the recorded GPS trajectory. name.unicsv ----------- This is a csv file of the GPS trajectory in UTM coordinates that can be read by gpsbabel, software for manipulating GPS paths. @article{doi:10.1177/0278364917751842, author = {Martin Miller and Soon-Jo Chung and Seth Hutchinson}, title ={The Visual–Inertial Canoe Dataset}, journal = {The International Journal of Robotics Research}, volume = {37}, number = {1}, pages = {13-20}, year = {2018}, doi = {10.1177/0278364917751842}, URL = {https://doi.org/10.1177/0278364917751842}, eprint = {https://doi.org/10.1177/0278364917751842} }
keywords: slam;sangamon;river;illinois;canoe;gps;imu;stereo;monocular;vision;inertial